The 400, 750, 1000, 1500, 2000, 3000 watt inverter would require 40A, 75A, 100A, 150A, 200A, 300A respectively. Remember that the size of the Fuse would also determine based on the inverter voltage. The 12V, 24V, 48V inverter would have different requirements.
What size wire do I need for a 400-watt inverter?
Depending on the inverter size, you can choose the wire for the connection. The 400 watts inverter with the 3 feet below size would require 8 AWG cables. Similarly, the 3 to 6 feet inverter require 6 AWG, and 6 to 10 feet would need 4 AWG wire.
There are two essential factors you have to consider when selecting the wire for the inverter.
The thickness and the length
It is recommended that we use a thick wire of short length to the inverter.
The short distance makes the energy consumption at the maximum level. There will be no energy loss in the transit.
You can get the small units of the cable to clamp directly to the battery. The large inverter would require a hardwire to make the flow of the current stable.
Calculate the distance between the battery and the inverter before you buy the cable. If possible, keep the battery near the inverter to reduce the energy loss.
What size wire do I need for a 750-watt inverter?
Calculate the size of the wire based on the inverter size. The inverter below the 3 feet size would require 6 AWG cables.
If you have an inverter size between 3 to 6 feet, you may have to buy the 4 AWG wire to connect the battery and inverter.
Remember that the shorter wire is always recommended. The shorter wire with the thickness would allow the wire the move the current smoothly and at the required voltage.
The large inverter with the size of 6 to 10 feet may require 2 AWG wire. The large size inverter will produce more energy.
If you use a long wire to connect the battery and inverter, chances are the cable will heat up and burn out. You may have to control the flowing current in the wire to avoid the heating problem.
A short wire with sufficient thickness would solve this problem. Check the manufacturer details of the supported cable length and size.
What size wire do I need for a 1000 watt inverter?
The 1000 watts of the inverter would be powering several devices at the time (Is it okay to run it all the time?). It would require sufficient energy transportation to make the battery perform at the maximum capacity.
Therefore, you should have high-quality wire to keep the flow of the current stable.
The 1000 watt inverter with the 3 feet size would support 4 AWG cables. As the size of the inverter grows, the cable length would also change.
Ensure that you purchase high-quality cables from the brand. Few sell the wires at the lowest price, but they are not highly efficient.
The metal use in cable production will not be energy efficient. The low price indicates it has low-quality materials.
Inverter with the 3 to 6 feet size may require 2 AWG wire. Also, the 6 to 10 feet size inverter will need a 1/0 AWG cable.
What size wire do I need for a 1500 watt inverter?
Cable size requirements may vary depending on the inverter brand. Some models do not support the single wire.
It would have a completely different mechanism to connect the inverter to the battery.
Check the manufacturer manual before you purchase the cable.
The 1500 watt inverter with the size of 3 feet would require 2 AWG cables. The 3 to 6 feet of the inverter size may require 1 AWG cable and 6 to 10 feet of the 3/0 cable.
What size fuse do I need for a 2000 watt inverter?
You would require a 200A size fuse to connect the battery and inverter system. The Fuse in the inverter serves two important purposes. It is assembled in the inverter to protect the inverter from damage and prevent the wire from overheating and burn.
When the current overloads the wire, the connected Fuse gets burned and disconnects the energy flow. It will not allow the energy to reach the inverter.
The Fuse is generally installed near the battery as close as possible. If the flow of the current increase beyond what the cable can handle, the Fuse burst and stop the whole system.
You then have to replace the Fuse with the new one to get the system back to normal.
Remember, the Fuse comes in different sizes and technology. Not all fuses are the same.
Before you buy one for your inverter system, check the manual to know the compatible Fuse for the system. Different Fuse is made for different uses.
What size fuse should I use for a 3000-watt inverter?
The 3000 watts inverter would require a 600A fuse size to power the battery and inverter. Not that the general inverter can be connected with the single cable set. One will be positive, and another will be the negative side of the cable.
However, some of the modern inverters would have a different setup. Hence, you should consult with the manufacturer of the inverter before buying the cable.
It is vital to connect the correct cable to the inverter and battery. Different sizes of the inverter would have additional requirements.
The maximum length would be around 10 AWG. It is recommended that you should have a shorter cable with a thick wire size.
What is the role of the Fuse in the power inverter?
The power inverter generally produces the steady flow of the energy by converting the current to the DC to the AC. It is the smallest household device for renewable energy systems.
The inverter can be connected to the solar panel from where the DC is navigated to the inverter or use the DC battery to connect the inverter. The DC is converted to AC when it is passed through the inverter.
The inverter makes the flow energy-efficient and more useful. Compare to the DC, and the AC is more reliable and valuable.
The Grid Tie Inverter is connected to the electricity supply or primary grid. There is no involvement of the battery.
What is the importance of the Fuse in the power inverter?
The fuse technology prevents the overheating of the system when the flow of the energy increases. The energy flow is always in the fluctuation mode. Sometimes it gets decreases or increases depending on the supply.
When the energy hits the household grid, the power may burst the connected wire. If the heavily loaded energy reaches your home appliances, then they may get power damage.
The Fuse controls the flow of the energy in the circuit. Connect the suitable Fuse to the battery bank. The Fuse will avoid any short circuits and overload.
When the burst of energy flows through the Fuse, the wire connected to the Fuse gets heated.
And if the load of the energy is too high, the wire will melt down, stopping the flow of the current in the system.
The excess energy burns the wire, which eventually disconnects the system. Once the power is cut off, you have to replace the Fuse to restore the system to normal.
Without the Fuse, the system will collapse, and it will generate fire. Even the system will explode with the overload of energy.
The stored energy is hazardous. When it reaches the inverter or the appliances, it will burn the appliance and produce fire. Hence, using the Fuse is essential to keep your electronic device safe.
How to protect the inverter using the Fuse?
Protecting the inverter is also essential to keep it in good health. When you select the inverter, ensure that you have read the manual of the device.
Not all fuses are similar. Therefore, you must know what kind of Fuse you can use to power your device. The Fuse should be installed on the positive side of the battery from where the current flows.
Install as close as possible near the battery to prevent the current flow from bursting before it reaches the Fuse.
The ordinary wire may get burned if the current load is too high than what it can handle.
Connecting the Fuse near the battery bank ensures that the Fuse takes charge of the excess power, and the port protects the cable and the connected inverter from overheating.
Before buying the Fuse, understand the requirement of the inverter and battery system. Every system is different.
Therefore, it would require special attention. Some battery and inverter systems need two different fuses for each side.
Check the manufacture’s manual and if required, consult with the experts before you buy the Fuse.
Eng. Matthew Joseph Nandirio is the Founder of walkingsolar.
After graduating from the University of Houston in 2002, matt started working as an electrical and electronic engineer for several multi-national solar energy companies.
He has a wide range of experiences including solar system requirement analysis, planning, maintaining, debugging and even solar device development through research.
He now shares his 20 years of expertise through his articles on the walkingsolar website.
Further, he is also the author of two books on Solar Technology, “Solar Power for Villages” and “DIY Solar System for Dummies”.