What is a pure sine wave inverter?

A pure sine wave inverter transforms direct current (DC) into usable alternating current (AC), which has a smooth and constant voltage. They precisely replicate the form of the AC waveform you obtain from local power suppliers enabling them to operate any 240V AC-powered device.

How Does a Pure Sine Wave Inverter Work?

In a pure sine wave inverter, the conversion of DC to AC happens in 3 steps:

  1. Creating Oscillating Pulses

The inverter creates oscillating direct current pulses that simulate positive and negative polarity peaks using integrated electronics. These pulses must be amplified since they are very weak.

  1.  Amplifying the Signal

To power appliances, this stage amplifies the 12V or 24V pulses to high current levels. The output voltage is still too low to operate any device even if it is already in AC form.

  1.  Raising the Output Voltage

A magnetic transformer is employed in the final step of the DC/AC conversion to boost the voltage to 110V or 120V, that’s what your appliances require. These AC voltage sine waves are not real sine waves in their raw form; instead, they are jagged and boxy. To make the alternating current smoother, pure wave sine inverters use extra capacitors and filters.

Advantages And Disadvantages of Pure Sine Wave Inverter

To select the best inverter for your home you might want to know their good and bad features of them as below.

Advantages of Pure Sine Wave Inverters

  • Smooth Output Voltage

A pure sine wave inverter eliminates choppy drops and surges providing smooth output voltage. They also produce stable power with low harmonic distortion. This makes it possible for your delicate electronics to function without glitches, crashes, or other unexpected interruptions. 

  • Minimal Risk to Devices

During sudden power outages, your high-end devices are prevented by the smooth waveform a pure sine wave inverter creates. Additionally, utilizing modified sine wave inverters with appliances that have AC motors, including refrigerators and microwaves, can result in too much waste heat, endangering your appliances. But pure sine wave inverters pose no risk to any of your equipment.

  • Quieter Operation

Pure sine waves steadily adjust their phase angle and polarity with no abrupt drops as the voltage increases and decreases. This lessens the annoying electrical noise made by appliances such as fluorescent lights, TVs, and audio amplifiers. Basically, pure sine wave inverters are best for TVs like sensitive devices.

  • Compatible with a wide range of equipment 

The properties of pure sine waves are identical to those of grid voltage. They can thus use power more efficiently and are ideal for devices with AC motors.

A pure wave inverter is more than enough to power your PC, so there’s no need to spend money on a separate UPS for it.

Disadvantages of Pure Sine Wave Inverters

  • Expensive

Due to the advanced and sophisticated technological requirements, they use high-end electronic components. So the price of a pure sine wave inverter will be always higher than other types of inverters.

Pure sine wave inverters are so effective that they will save your energy and will reduce the harm to your appliances. Worth the cost!

  • Weight

Because the PSW inverter contains a large, inefficient transformer, it is typically heavier than Modified Sine Wave inverters.

  • Shorter battery runs

The pure Sine wave inverters use sophisticated technology built into their circuits resulting in reduced battery running times. Pure Sinewave inverters also use heavy, ineffective transformers that reduce battery runtime.

  • Power Usage

Compared to Pure Sine Wave inverters, Modified Sine Wave inverters are more cost-effective. In general, pure sine wave inverters are less efficient at using DC power than modified sine wave inverters, therefore your battery will deplete more quickly.

When do we need a pure sine wave inverter?

You will need a pure sine wave inverter if you have sensitive electronic devices with you. Electronics that utilize AC motors, such as refrigerators, compressors, and microwave ovens, are the equipment that operates more effectively if you are using a pure sine wave inverter.

Other than those you definitely will need a pure sine wave inverter if you are going to use these things in your home.

  • Devices with thyristors – Laser printers, Photocopiers, Domestic light dimmers
  • Devices with silicon-controlled rectifier (SCR) – Washing machines, Welding machines 
  • Magneto-optical hard drives
  • The built-in clocks in devices – Microwave Ovens, Alarm clocks

These devices get their timing from the peak of the line power.

  • Light fixtures that have power factor correction capacitors
  • Transformer-less capacitive input-powered devices
  • LED TVs

You generally don’t need a pure sine wave inverter if your electronic equipment converts AC to DC using rectifiers. Definitely, those pieces of equipment work fine with pure sine wave inverters.  But a modified sine wave inverter which is cheaper will also do the work. 

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